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Main street, Palmyra

Main street, Palmyra


Palmyra rose to prominence due to its status as an oasis - it is still famous for its dates, olives and pomegranates - and although not on the natural east-west trading route which lay further to the north, in Seleucid times, instability and subsequent lack of security affected that route which helped give rise to Palmyra. It reached its apogee in the second century AD under Emperor Hadrian who declared it a free city. The people were Semitic and despite the veneer of Roman ‘civilization’ their art and architectural styles reflect the hybrid influences.